The feeling of loneliness which is when the person is or feels lonely brings bad consequences to health because it causes sadness interferes with wellbeing and facilitates the development of diseases such as stress anxiety or depression. These situations can also cause physical illnesses as they are closely linked to the deregulation of hormones such as serotonin, adrenalin and cortisol that effect the person’s endocrine and immune system. That is the person starts to perform activities less efficiently and are more likely to have diseases. The consequences of loneliness are even greater in the third age, as these people have a greater difficulty maintaining social life either by the loss of close relatives or by the physical limitation of leaving home and doing activities. In addition, various organs such as the stomach, intestines, lungs and hard can be affected due to negative and persistent emotions turning into physical diseases called Psychosomatic diseases.
People who feel lonely often look for the feeling of happiness in things especially in food. Thus the feeling of loneliness can stimulate the consumption of foods rich in fat and salt which can increase the pressure and favor the occurrence of heart attacks, stroke or kidney problems.
Change in Blood Sugar
Emotional diabetes does not exist but some emotional issues can cause the disease indirectly either by the increase in the consumption of foods with high sugar or by the deregulation of the production of hormones such as insulin and cortisol, which are hormones related to control of blood sugar levels.
Predisposition to the Development of Cancer
Loneliness tends to develop more cancer because the body finds itself in constant stress increasing the chances of mutations and proliferation of cancer cells. In addition, they have lower chances of surviving cancer.
Stress and Anxiety
The feeling of loneliness signals to the brain that the body is under stress by raising the level of the hormone cortisol which is known as the stress hormone. High cortisol concentration can lead to loss of muscle mass learning disability and memory lapse says.
People who feel lonely are more likely to have depression because they feel that their feeling of emptiness cannot be filled by anything or anyone. Thus people start to have constant sadness, loss of energy and desire to do day to day activities, irritability, lack of appetite or excessive appetite insomnia or the urge to sleep all the time usually to escape from reality.
Insomnia or Difficulty Sleeping
The lonely person is always on alert because he feels vulnerable to everything. So the body remains in a state of constant stress, unable to relax which means that the person cannot get a deep sleep, wake up several times at night or just have trouble sleeping.
Pain in Muscles and Joints
Increased Chance of Drunk Alcohol and Cigarette Addiction
Sometimes loneliness cannot be solved by living with other people. Because of this the company is often provided through things that provide a sense of pleasure or immediate relief such as medicines, alcohol and cigarettes which can lead to addiction.
How to Combat the Consequences of Loneliness
To prevent loneliness from persisting and can cause or worsen many diseases. It is important to have attitudes that move away from this situation such as practicing a hobby, enrolling in a course or adopting an animal for example. The support of the family if possible is very important to help the person especially when elderly. To overcome this feeling. When loneliness causes physical symptoms or when it is associated with other symptoms such as sadness, loss of appetite, altered appetite or altered sleep. It is important to seek the support of a psychologist and psychiatrist as it may be associated with other conditions of help such as depression.